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Vieša kalba – kaip atviri duomenys: D. Trump atvejis – YouTube


Vieša kalba traktuotina kaip atviri duomenys, tereikia “gebėti” ištraukti duomenis -> informaciją -> žinojimą (prasmę?)🙂

0:00
But isn’t it un-American and wrong to discriminate against people based on their religion?
0:05
But, Jimmy, the problem
0:06
Uh, I mean, look, I’m for it…
0:08
But, look…
0:10
We have people coming into our country
0:12
that are looking to do tremendous harm.
0:15
You look at the two-
0:16
Look at Paris.
0:17
Look at what happened in Paris.
0:18
I mean, these people, they did not come from Sweden
0:21
Okay?
0:22
Look at what happened in Paris.
0:23
Look at what happened last week in California,
0:25
with…with, you know, fourteen people dead.
0:28
Other people going to die,
0:29
they’re so badly injured.
0:31
We have a real problem.
0:33
There’s a tremendous hatred out there.
0:35
And what I wanna do is find out what-
0:37
you know, you can’t solve a problem
0:38
until you find out what’s the root cause.
0:40
And I wanna find out what is the problem
0:43
what’s going on.
0:44
And, it’s temporary
0:45
I’ve had so many people call me and say thank you.
0:48
Now, if you remember, when I did that a week ago
0:50
it was like bedlam
0:51
All of a sudden —
0:52
and you watch last night
0:54
and you see people talking.
0:55
They say, “Well, Trump has a point.
0:56
We have to get down to the problem.”
0:58
The people that are friends of mine that called,
1:00
they said,
1:01
“Donald, you’ve done us a tremendous service,
1:04
because we do have a problem
1:06
and we have to find out what is the —
1:07
-and we have to find out what is the–
-those might have been prank calls
1:09
-those may have been prank calls
-No, no
1:11
One of the things I find fascinating about Donald Trump
1:15
is the way he uses language
1:17
differently than other candidates for political office,
1:20
especially president of the United States
1:23
Whereas his opponents and the political class in general seem hyper-aware that
1:27
their words would be picked apart and used against them
1:30
Trump willfully disregards this fact.
1:33
As a lifelong salesman, he has a huckster’s knack for selling a feeling
1:37
even if the ideas and facts that underscore it are spurious, racist or just plain incomprehensible
1:43
so I thought it would be illuminating to look at a Trump answer to a simple question
1:48
In this case Jimmy Kimmel asking Trump whether or not it’s wrong to discriminate against people based on their religion
1:55
referring to Trump’s proposal to temporarily ban all Muslims from entering the United States
2:00
This 220 word, exactly 1 minute answer displays
2:04
I think, a range of the things that Trump uses all the time in his speech
2:09
The first thing to know is how simple this language is
2:13
Of the 220 words, 172, or 78%, are only one syllable
2:19
and often they come in a rhythmic series like a volley of jabs ending with one of his buzz words
2:25
we have to get down to the problem
2:26
39 words, or 17%, are two syllables long
2:30
only 4 words have 3 syllables, 3 of which are the word tremendous, tremendous, tremendous
2:37
and just two words are 4 syllables long
2:39
California, which he’s forced to use because it has less syllables than San Bernardino
2:44
and temporary, which he swallows
2:46
and it’s temporary, I’ve had so many people
2:49
this breakdown fits with the study done by the Boston Globe
2:53
that put all 2016 presidential candidates’ announcement speeches
2:57
through the Flesch-Kincaid readability test to determine their respective grade level rankings
3:03
Donald Trump’s speech came out at the 4th grade reading level
3:06
Now for reference, Ben Carson came out at 6th grade
3:10
Hillary Clinton and Jeb Bush were speaking at an 8th grade reading level
3:13
and Bernie Sanders was a way up in high school, a sophomore, to be exact
3:18
Now this isn’t only down to word or syllable choice
3:22
it’s about sentence construction, too
3:24
Trump favors simple sentences like
3:27
we have a real problem
there is a tremendous hatred out there
3:30
Rarely does he use complex sentences or independent clauses
3:35
He also favors the second person a lot of the time, addressing listeners directly with commands
3:40
Look at Paris
Look at what happened in Paris
Look at what happened in Paris
Look at what happened last week in California
3:45
Or implicating us in what he’s saying as if we’ve already agreed
3:49
and you watch last night, and you see people talking
3:51
He’s really good at this, at framing negative response as an over-reaction that was subsequently realized as such
3:58
if you remember, when I did that a week ago it was like bedlam.
4:01
All of a sudden – and you watch last, and you see people talking.
4:04
They said, “Well Trump has a point. We have to get down to the problem.”
4:07
Maybe the most important technique Trump utilizes and he does this more than anyone I’ve ever heard
4:13
is ending his sentences with strong punchy words.
4:17
A lot of times he’ll rearrange the beginning of a sentence awkwardly, so that he can end strong.
4:22
For example, here, it would probably be more natural to say
4:25
you can’t solve a problem until you find out what the root cause is
4:29
but he brings the is forward to end on root cause
4:33
he does the same here
4:35
and it looks like he was going to about the same in the end before Kimmel cuts him off
4:38
these final words are crucial for Trump
4:41
They’re pointed and taken together sketch the theme of the entire answer
4:46
harm, dead, die, badly injured, problem, root cause
4:49
thank you, bedlam, point, problem, service, problem
4:52
In some sense, it’s these words that audiences remember
4:55
especially when the rest of the speech is incoherent
4:59
Like the best salesman, Trump keeps it simple, he repeats a lot
5:03
we have a real problem, what is the problem
5:05
we do have a problem, we have to get down to the problem
5:08
and he uses his favorite words over and over
5:10
tremendous, tremendous, tremendous service
5:13
and he always seems to have friends who are part of the group that he’s currently insulting
5:18
calling him up and thanking him for the privilege
5:20
many of them called me they said you know Donald, you’re right, we have a problem and look, there is a problem
5:25
Donald Trump knows when to sound incredulous, or forceful
5:30
He has good comedic instinct, you can even call him witty
5:33
but you can’t call him smart or well informed
5:37
the best salesman could sell you a TV without knowing anything about it
5:41
because the TV isn’t what matters.
5:44
What matters, is you.
5:47
And if you are an American citizen who, for years
5:50
has listened to politicians sound sophisticated while accomplishing nothing
5:55
you might just be primed for something
5:59
that is everything they are not.
6:02
But the next time you feel like Donald Trump has a point
6:06
do yourself a favor
6:08
and look at his words.
6:12
Hey everybody, thanks for watching. I want to point you in the direction of my friends over at Wisecrack
6:16
who do some awesome work, some awesome video essays. If you like my stuff, you’re definitely going to
6:20
like what they do. They talk about books, movies, and my personal favorite is definitely 8-Bit Philosophy,
6:27
which is like philosophy explained with Nintendo graphics. So well done. I wish I had thought of that.
6:32
Anyway, go over there, click there, subscribe, watch a video. If you guys want to help me out, as always,
6:38
you can click right here, pledge a dollar or three dollars or five dollars to my channel.
6:42
Help me start 2016 right. We’re going to do some awesome stuff in the next year.
6:46
I can’t wait to see you guys next Wednesday for the next video and I will see you…
6:51
Well, I just said I’ll see you next Wednesday, so bye!

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